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Birthstone Information

 

January - Garnet

February - Amethyst

March  Aquamarine

April  Diamond

May  Emerald

June  Pearl or Moonstone

July Ruby

August  Peridot

September  Sapphire

October  Opal or Tourmaline

November  Topaz or Citrine

December  Turquoise or Blue Topaz

The facts About Birthstone.

January - Garnet is the birthstone for the month of January.

Garnets are found in every color except blue, including brilliant green tsavorite garnet, raspberry pink rhodolite garnet, and orange malaya garnet. Bright red "anthill" garnets are found in Arizona. The Tsars of Russia favored rare green damantoid garnets.

Legend holds that Noah hung a large garnet in the ark for illumination. It reportedly also gives its wearer guidance in the night, protection from nightmares, and according to the Egyptians, is an antidote for snake bites and food poisoning. It was also thought to have a special affinity with the blood.

Garnets are durable and brilliant and will give years of pleasure.

February  - Amethyst is the birthstone for February.

Amethyst is a variety of quartz, and comes in pale lilac to rich, deep purple shades. Ideally, it is a deep medium purple with rose-colored flashes that give amethyst its beauty and fire.

It is abundant and readily available in all sizes and shapes. It is durable and can be worn every day. the folk legend of the Greeks is that it will prevent intoxication when worn.

Legend - Amethyst was said to have a sobering effect on the wearer-not only those who indulged but on those over-excited by love's passion as well. It has symbolized peace, protection and tranquility. Some say it will prevent baldness and improve the complexion, as well as protect from treason and deceit. Because royalty has always adored the color purple, amethysts abound in the ornaments of ancient Greeks and Egyptians, and in the British Crown Jewels.

March- Aquamarine is the traditional birthstone for March.

The ideal color of aquamarine is a refreshing pastel sea blue. Stones with a clear blue color without green or gray are the most valuable. Aqua is a durable gemstone, and is readily available in larger sizes. It is a member of the important beryl family, which also includes emerald.

Legend -In ancient times, the stone was said to aid seafarers; thus it is an excellent gift suggestion for sailors or one who takes frequent cruises! To dream of aquamarine signifies the making of new friends; to wear aquamarine earrings brings love and affection. It is a universal symbol of youth, hope and health.

As part of the normal finishing process, some aquamarines are heated to remove traces of yellow.

Do not use a home ultrasonic machine it should be immersed in jewelry cleaner or in lukewarm soapy water and cleaned with a small bristle brush.

April - Diamond is the birthstone for the month of April.

The name "diamond" comes from the Greek word "adamas" meaning unconquerable-suggesting the eternity of love. the ancients believed they were splinters from the stars, perhaps crystallized lightening or hardened dew drops.

Although diamonds are thought of as being a colorless stone, they are occasionally found with a strong, bright color-green, red, pink, blue, canary yellow and amber. These "fancy" colored diamonds are highly-prized.

Although it is the most durable of gemstones, protect a diamond from sharp blows. Household chemicals may discolor or damage the mounting. To clean, you may use a jewelry cleaner, lukewarm soapy water and a small bristle brush.

May- Emerald is the birthstone for the month of May.

Emerald is among the most highly-prized gems. The name comes from the Greek "smaragdos" which means green stone. The most prized is pure grass green.

Emeralds are often characterized by a garden of included crystals trapped within, known as the "jardin", because under magnification you will see all sorts of lovely patterns resembling foliage in a garden. A flawless, clear emerald is very rare and is usually found in only small sizes. Small to medium sized stones are often faceted in the "step" or emerald cut. The gem is also lovely when cut into a cabochon or dome shape. Sometimes emeralds can even carved.

According to legend, the wearing of emerald not only cured a wide range of ailments, including low I.Q., poor eyesight and infertility, but also enabled the wearer to predict the future.

As part of the normal process most emeralds are immersed in colorless oil or resin so small voids are not as noticeable.

Do not use a home ultrasonic machine. Care should be taken to protect it from scratches, sharp blows, household chemicals, and extreme temperature changes.

June- Pearl is the birthstone for the month of June.

A pearl is the product of an oyster's defense mechanism. A foreign irritant is introduced either by man (cultured) or naturally, the oyster immediately surrounds it with layers of a substance called nacre. This forms the exquisite gemstone know as pearl.

Pearls come in a wide range of colors. They should be relatively free from skin blemishes. The more perfectly round the shape the better. The higher the luster, or "orient", the more valuable the specimen. The larger the pearl, the greater the value.

Pearls by legend have been recognized as the emblem of modesty, chastity and purity. They have come to symbolize a happy marriage.

Do not use ultrasonic cleaners. Avoid household chemicals, cosmetics, hair sprays, and perfumes. Wash with mild soap and water and store in a protective chamois pouch or tissue paper.

July - Ruby is the accepted birthstone for July.

Ruby is known as the "Lord of the Gems" because of its rarity and beauty. Derived from the Latin word "ruber", it simply means red. Ruby, like sapphire, is a variety of corundum and only exists as a true red in color.

Legend - Rubies are said to protect their owners from all kinds of misfortune. A fine ruby assured the owner he would live in harmony with his neighbors. It would protect his stature in life, his home and land. Its protective powers were intensified when set in jewelry, and worn on the left side. Many believed rubies possessed an inner flame which burned eternally.

As part of the customary finishing process, virtually all rubies are heated to permanently improve their color and appearance.

August - Peridot is the accepted birthstone for August.

Peridot should be a lively lime green, without a brownish or olive cast. Peridot is the child of volcanic action. Tiny peridot crystals are sometimes combed from the black sands of Hawaii.

Legend - Peridots were favored by pirates, considered powerful amulets against all evil, and when set in gold, were said to protect the wearer from the terrors of the night. They had medicinal uses, too. If fashioned into a chalice from which medicines were drunk, they intensified the effects of the drug.

Do not use a home ultrasonic machine for cleaning. Care should be taken to protect peridot from scratches, sharp blows, household chemicals and extreme temperature changes.

September - Sapphire is the September birthstone.

Sapphire, a variety of corundum, comes in all colors except red (the red variety being known as ruby), but is especially popular in deep blue. Fancy colored sapphires-including pink, green, orange, and golden yellow-are magnificent when combined in a necklace or bracelet.

Legend - Ancient priests and sorcerers honored sapphire above all gems, for this stone enabled them to interpret oracles and foretell the future. Ancients believed the Ten Commandments were written on a sapphire tablet. Marriage partners put great faith in the stone. If its luster dimmed, one knew his or her spouse had been unfaithful. Sapphire refused to shine when worn by the wicked or impure.

As part of the customary finishing process, virtually all blue, yellow and golden sapphires are heated to permanently produce or intensify their color.

October- Opal is the October birthstone.

White opal has a white or light body color with flashes of many colors. Black opal has a black, dark blue, dark green or gray body color with vivid flashes of color such as red, pink and bright green.

Legend - Opal has symbolized hope, innocence and purity through the ages. In the Middle Ages, young, fair-haired girls wore opals in their hair to protect its lovely blond color. Medieval writers believed opal could render its wearer invisible when the need arose. It was also said to have a beneficial effect on eyesight. It was thought to banish evil spirits and favor children, the theater, amusements, friendships and feelings.

Do not use a home ultrasonic machine or jewelry cleaner.Care should be taken to protect it from scratches, sharp blows, household chemicals, and extreme temperature changes. To maintain the brilliance of opal, it should be wiped clean with a soft cloth.

November - Topaz is the accepted birthstone for November.

Most people think of topaz as a transparent golden yellow gemstone. However, this gemstone occurs colorless as well as orange-yellow, red, honey-brown (dark sherry), light green, blue and pink.

The name topaz is derived from the Greek word meaning "to shine" and also implies "fire". Orange-red "Imperial" topaz and pink colors are rare and most valuable.

The lore, magic and romance of topaz goes back many thousands of years. It holds the distinction of being the gemstone with the widest range of curative powers. The Greeks felt it gave them strength. In addition, it supposedly cooled tempers, restored sanity, cured asthma, relieved insomnia and even warded off sudden death. Topaz is said to make its wearer invisible in time of emergency. It proved the loyalty of associates by changing color in the presence of poison.

As part of a normal process, most brownish to sherry brown topaz are heated to produce a permanent pink color. Certain types of topaz are irradiated and heated to produce shades of blue.

December - Turquoise is the birthstone for December.

Colors in turquoise range from sky blue (most desirable color) to blue green and apple green.

The name means "Turkish stone" because the trade route that brought it to Europe used to come via Turkey. The best qualities are found in northeast Iran (Persian turquoise). However, the United States southwest is now the world leader in production.

During the 16th century turquoise was used as currency by the Southwest Indians. They believed the gemstone could bring spoils to the warrior, animals to the hunter, and happiness and good fortune to all.

Although large quantities of beautiful turquoise that have not been color enhanced are available, today's turquoise is commonly stabilized with plastic to improve its color and durability. Chalky varieties of turquoise are normally impregnated with oil or wax to enhance color. This color change may not be permanent.

Do not use a home ultrasonic machine. Care should be taken to protect it from scratches, sharp blows, hot water, and household chemicals.

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